5 differences between Arabica and Robusta coffee for farmers

Coffee is one of the most widely consumed hot beverages in the world. You find it in your cup almost every day but how do the 2 main coffee species grow?

Let’s see 5 little differences between Arabica and Robusta:

  • Easy to farm: Robusta is easier to tend to on the farm, because it has a higher yield and is less sensitive to insects
  • Coffee beans: Arabica beans are a little larger than Robusta. The shape of Arabica beans is an elliptical shape. Robusta beans are more circular.
  • Plant height: Arabica usually grows between 2.5 to 4.5 meters compared to the 4.5 – 6 meter height of Robusta.
  • Cultivation: About 75% of the world’s coffee production is Arabica, and another 27% roughly is Robusta. The remaining 3% is made up of other local species.
  • Origins: Arabica is a native species of Ethiopia. It is the oldest one known. Robusta was discovered in Zaire in the late 19th century.

Brazil, the top coffee producing country, accounted for 40 percent of the global coffee supply. Vietnam was the second largest coffee producer, accounting for roughly 20 percent of the world coffee production.

  • Robusta is grown exclusively in the Eastern Hemisphere, primarily in Africa and Indonesia.
  • Arabica is grown in Africa and Papua New Guinea, but it’s grown predominantly in Latin America. Colombia only produces Arabica beans.

Some countries, like Brazil (top coffee producer in the world) and India, produce both types of coffee.