Do you know what type of coffee you are drinking? If you bought a 100% Arabica coffee, you probably need to know that more than a hundred types of coffee bean exist within the world’s coffee network.
But 97% of the market is dominated by just 2 types of coffee: Arabica coffee and Robusta. They make up the majority of the coffee consumed around the world and they vary in terms of bean, roast, and cup.
Let’s find out a bit more about these:
- Arabica Coffee (or Arabica) makes up about 70% of the world market for coffee beans. The coffee bean is actually the seed of the coffee plant, found inside a red fruit often called the cherry. Arabica beans are fairly flat and elongated, with a sinuous groove. In the cup, a well-prepared espresso borne of exclusively high-quality Arabica is beautifully fragrant, sweet and round, with a slight and pleasant acidity, often chocolaty, with an aftertaste of caramel and just a mild hint of bitterness. The rich, creamy layer on top, or crema, should have a light reddish brown hue, unbroken and painted with tiger-like stripes.
- Canephora Coffee (more famously known as as Robusta), a high caffeine content strain which makes up about 27% of the world coffee bean market, produced in Indonesia, West Africa, Brazil, and Vietnam.
- Liberica Bull. ex Hiern coffee (more common as Liberian). This type makes up about 3% of the world coffee bean market and it grows in Malaysia, Liberia and the Ivory Coast,
- Other bean species include: benghalensis,; Coffea congensis, Coffea stenophylla, Sierra Leonean coffee; Coffee excelsia (another Liberian coffee); Coffee bonnieri; Coffee gallieni; and Coffee